Greek Tv

Greek Tv Television broadcasting in Greece began in 1966.

In the beginning, two government channels were formed, ERT and YENED, but after the fall of the Regime of the Colonels in 1974, ERT overshadowed YENED, appealing to a much broader audience. In the early 1980s, ERT and YENED merged and were renamed ERT1 and ERT2 respectively. During this decade, various short – lived illegal broadcasts appeared, while a clash between the City of Thessaloniki and the government started in 1987, when the former started rebroadcasting parts of European satellite channels. The monopoly of governmental ERT was further put to risk when another channel appeared in Athens, rebroadcasting other foreign channels. As a result, ERT decided to start broadcasting different foreign channels on its own, in an attempt to block the frequencies used by the private TV stations. One year later, ERT also started ERT3, a regional network based in Thessaloniki.

Thessaloniki was the first to have the first non – government TV station in Greece, TV100, owned by the City. Soon, more privately owned stations followed and finally, in 1989, the Greek Parliament was forced to pass a law allowing privately owned TV and radio stations. The first official private broadcasters were Mega Channel as a national network, and Nea Tileorasi which soon disappeared. One month later, Antenna TV emerged as a new broadcaster, featuring similar Greek TV shows as Mega Channel; these two broadcasters won over a large part of the Greek audience from ERT, and have since been on the top two spots in ratings in Greece.

During the 1990s, many new broadcasters appeared, most of them short – lived, as well as some that soon became major contenders of the Greek audience, such as Skai TV and Star Channel. The former was sold a few years later and it eventually formed Alpha TV. In the 2000s, the original owners of Skai TV decided to relaunch their channel. In 2009, the seven major broadcasters in Greece formed a company, DIGEA, in order to start broadcasting digitally. The largest cities now receive digital signal, including Athens, Thessaloniki, Larissa, Alexandroupolis, Corinth and Rhodes. In 2013, due to the debt crisis of the country, the Greek Government suspended the operation of ERT, firing over 2600 workers as part of numerous spending cuts.

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