Greek Cross

Greek Cross The Greek cross is also known as the crux immissa quadrata. It has arms of equal length, barely longer than the width. It has been especially used by the Eastern Orthodox Church and Early Christianity.

In antiquity, the cross was used as a symbol, not only of religious but also of artistic (ornamental) character. It was used as a pattern in ornaments, clothing, buildings, jewellery, etc. It is not known exactly when the first cross was created. The Greek cross was also used by the Egyptians; however, they used it in clothing or jewellery, while the Egyptian cross for religious purposes was the ankh. It is also called Tetractys and was considered a holy symbol for Pythagoreans, followers of Pythagoras of Samos; its equal arms symbolized the four main elements of nature; air, fire, water, earth. The Pythagoreans would also take their vows on it, as it was also linked to their basic principle of the harmony of numbers and by extension, harmony of the universe.

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