Ancient Greece Timeline
776 BC: Date of the first recorded Olympic Games.
757 BC: The start of the First Messenian War, resulting in the subjugation of Messenia to Sparta and the creation of helots.
725 BC: The Lelantine War between the Ancient Greek city – states of Chalcis and Eretria, fighting over the fertile Lelantine Plain. This is the first recorded armed conflict in Ancient Greece.
621 BC: Draco, an Athenian lawgiver, introduces a series of harsh laws, also known as Draconian laws, in an effort to quell social conflict in Athens.
594 BC: Solon, an Athenian statesman, makes a series of reformations that eventually managed to preserve order in Athens, which the Draconian laws were unsuccessful at.
590 BC: Sappho, a Greek poet and priestess, flourishes on Lesvos.
569 BC: Pythagoras is born.
561 BC: Peisistratos takes power in Athens, establishing a tyranny.
507 BC: Cleisthenes takes power in Athens, establishing democracy.
490 BC: The Battle of Marathon takes place, resulting in the defeat of Darius.
480 BC: Leonidas and 300 Spartan soldiers die fighting a valiant battle at Thermopylae. At the same time, Athenians emerge victorious in the Naval Battle of Salamis, destroying the Persian Navy.
457 BC: Pericles, Athenian statesman, starts the Golden Age in Athens.
448 BC: Ictinus ad Callicrates rebuild Acropolis after it was destroyed by the Persians.
431 BC: The Peloponnesian War starts.
401 BC: Thucydides leaves a historical account of the “Golden Age of Pericles” and the “History of the Peloponnesian War”.
342 BC: Aristotle becomes the teacher of Alexander, son of Philip of Macedon.
336 BC: Alexander succeeds his father in the throne and starts a campaign against the Persians.
323 BC: Alexander dies in Babylon. The Wars of the Diadochi follow, with devastating results for the empire.
300 BC: Euclid publishes his great work Elements.
265 BC: Archimedes develops the homonymous screw, specific gravity and center of gravity.
146 BC: Greece is annexed to the Roman Empire after a series of wars.