Greek Radio

Greek Radio The Greek radio had its first appearance in 1923 on an experimental basis. The first radio station was created in Thessaloniki by the electrician Christos Tsiggirides in 1926 and transmitted for over twenty years with various shows. Radio gets an audience that grows slowly, yet steadily and in 1927, the Greek state decided to have a public tendering for a radio station. After a series of shady dealings, the first national radio station was inaugurated in 1938 in Athens, by King George II.

In April 1941, while the German troops marched towards the outskirts of Athens, the radio station transmitted its last message to the Greek public, trying to boost its morale and playing the National Anthem of Greece. After the liberation, in 1945, the National Broadcasting Institution was formed (EIR) that would have the task of creating a new radio station. More radio stations were soon created throughout the country under the jurisdiction of EIR, while some military radio stations were also built, under the jurisdiction of the army (YENED). Towards the end of the 1970s, numerous illegal or “pirate” stations were formed, having a vast range of shows, but mainly questioning the monopoly of state radio. Moreover, in 1973, during the so called “Uprising of the Polytechnic School” against the Regime of the Colonels, students of the Polytechnic School in Athens created a radio station in order to transmit their message to the public.

In 1987, a series of legislations were passed in a general effort to modernize the obsolete institutions of the country, according to the requirements of the European Community, and eventually led to the creation of the framework under which a private radio station may be created. Nowadays, the radio frequencies are distributed by the National TV and Radio Committee (ESR).

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